Advantages of drip irrigation systems

drip-irrigation

Precise and regulated application of irrigation water and plant nutrients at low pressure and frequent intervals through drippers/emitters directly into the root zone of plant with the help of close network of pipes is known as drip irrigation system.

Advantages

  • Increase in production & productivity.
  • Improves quality and ensure early maturity of the crops.
  • Water Saving up to 40% – 70%.
  • Controls weed growth, saving of fertilizer (30%) and labour cost (10%).
  • Fertigation / Chemigation can be made efficiently.
  • Control diseases.
  • Use of saline water is possible.
  • Soil erosion is eliminated.
  • Suitable for uneven / undulating land.
  • High Water Use Efficiency.
Major Components of Drip Irrigation System
Pump station. By-pass assembly
Control valves Filtration system
Fertilizer tank /Venturi Pressure gauge
Mains / Sub-mains Laterals
Emitting devices Micro tubes
Crops Suitable for Drip Irrigation System
1. Orchard Crops Grapes, Banana, Pomegranate, Orange,
Citrus, Mango, Lemon, Custard Apple, Sapota,
Guava, Pineapple, Coconut, Cashewnut,
Papaya, Aonla, Litchi, Watermelon etc.
2. Vegetables Tomato, Chilly, Capsicum, Cabbage,
Cauliflower, Onion, Okra, Brinjal, Bitter Gourd,
Ridge Gourd, Cucumber, Peas, Spinach,
Pumpkin etc.
3. Cash Crops Sugarcane, Cotton. Arecanut, Strawberry etc.
4. Flowers Rose, Carnation, Gerbera, Anthurium,
Orchids, Jasmine, Dahilia, Marigold etc.
5. Plantation Tea, Rubber, Coffee, Coconut etc.
6. Spices Turmeric, Cloves, Mint etc,
7. Oil Seed Sunflower, Oil palm, Groundnut etc.
8. Forest Crops Teakwood, Bamboo etc.
Response of Different Crops to Drip Irrigation System
Crops Water saving (%) Increase in yield (%)
Banana 45 52
Cauliflower 68 70
Chilly 68 28
Cucumber 56 48
Grapes 48 23
Ground nut 40 152
Pomegranate 45 45
Sugarcane 50 99
Sweet lime 61 50
Tomato 42 60

* Via http://graduatefarmer.co.ke/2017/01/29/advantages-of-drip-irrigation-systems/

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